Foot discomfort is never normal. Several individuals have been experiencing pain that varies from minor to severe. Since the feet are the two most abused and utilized body parts, you need to guarantee they are correctly attended to and cared for. The feet are also more prone to injury than any other body area. As a result, spending time on foot care is critical.
So, what causes foot discomfort, and how can you treat it?
5 Causes of Foot Pain
Below are the leading five causes of foot discomfort and their solutions:
1. Ingrown Nails
An ingrown nail happens when the sharp edges of the toenail permeate the toe’s skin, creating agonizing discomfort. Ingrown nails, often called onychocryptosis or unguis incarnatus, result in discomfort, swelling, and in some cases, infection.
To treat this ailment, wash your feet in warm water with Epsom salt, use antibiotic cream, and wrap them in a bandage. If the discomfort remains or an infection develops, see a podiatrist who can eliminate the ingrown part of the nail.
2. Corns and Calluses
Corns and calluses are thickened patches of skin on the feet that might lead to pain. They are usually caused by friction or tension from improperly fitted shoes. Using correctly fitted shoes and cushioned insoles or pads to decrease strain on the afflicted spot can help minimize these. Over-the-counter solutions, such as salicylic acid patches or creams, may also assist in softening and getting rid of thickened skin in certain situations.
But suppose the corns or calluses were painful or recurring. In such a case, contacting a podiatrist who can safely remove them and give pointers on avoiding them is recommended.
Bunions are a prevalent source of foot discomfort, especially among women. They develop when the big toe joint gets misaligned, causing a bony hump on the side of the foot. This may lead to discomfort and make it hard to wear certain footwear. Using comfy footwear with a big toe box is one treatment possibility, as is employing orthotics or shoe inserts to distribute pressure and alleviate pain.
Surgery to straighten the joint and eliminate the bony bump may be needed in severe conditions. If bunions are causing significant pain or interfering with daily activities, it is crucial to get medical help.
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4. Plantar Fasciitis
Plantar fasciitis is the swelling of the thick band of tissue, known as a plantar fascia, that runs over the sole. The pain is often felt in the heel and may be intense or dull. Some therapy possibilities include physical therapy, medicine, orthotics, stretching workouts, and foot shock therapy. Relaxing the foot, icing the afflicted region, and wearing supportive shoes may also help.
5. Foot and Ankle Osteoarthritis
Foot and ankle osteoarthritis, commonly called “wear-and-tear” arthritis, is a condition that results in discomfort and stiffness in the joints. It is more frequent in senior citizens, athletes, and those with professions that require prolonged standing. Non-surgical foot and ankle osteoarthritis therapies like physical treatment, medicines, shoe inserts, and a foot injection for pain relief can assist in easing discomfort and enhancing mobility. However, a surgical procedure may be required in severe cases to repair or replace damaged joints.
Feet are complicated structures that carry the whole weight of the body and are vulnerable to numerous types of pain. However, most foot discomfort might be successfully controlled with proper diagnosis and therapy, allowing persons to continue routine activities with minimal trouble. If foot pain continues or increases, it is critical to obtain medical support since it could indicate a more serious underlying issue.